Athens is known around the world for its magnificent ancient sites, where people come from all over to see beautiful temples, monuments and major architectural structures of the ancient world which still stand today.
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Some of the many places to visit in the City include the following:
The Acropolis of Athens
Known all over the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, this ancient complex of buildings is a famous landmark of Athens. Situated on a rocky hill overlooking the City, the Acropolis is a major historical and architectural site and tourist attraction. Under Statesman, Pericles, in the fifth century BC, a number of buildings were constructed here, including the Parthenon, the Propylaea, which was the huge gateway to the Acropolis, the Athena Nike Temple, the Erechtheum temple and the Theatre of Dionysus. At the site you can also see the Acropolis Museum, which houses many artefacts from the site.
One of the most important ancient buildings on the Acropolis, this ancient temple was dedicated to the Goddess Athena, patron of the City. This magnificent Doric Temple is admired for its outstanding architecture supervised by Phidias, and standing high on the hill above the City, it is one of the best known landmarks in the Country and an ancient treasure. Visitors can see many parts of the sculptural decoration from the Parthenon in the Acropolis Museum, including the impressive frieze and metopes.
The National Archaeological Museum of Athens
In this Museum you see can see fascinating collections of archaeological artefacts dating from prehistory to late antiquity in Greece. Housed in an impressive Neo-Classical style building, the exhibits include Neolithic and Bronze age artefacts, sculptures, metalwork including weapons and tools, vases and jewellery, as well as ancient Egyptian and Cypriot artefacts.
The Temple of Hephaestus
Situated on the Agoraios Kolonos hill in the City, this beautiful temple was constructed in the 5th century BCE and is very well preserved. Hephaestus was the Greek God of metalworking and in the area of the Temple were many metal workshops. This Doric temple has Ionic features and is made of marble, with impressive sculptures, friezes and metopes depicting mythological scenes.
This is a towering limestone hill and a popular attraction for visitors, where you can enjoy panoramic views over the City and all its landmarks. There is a funicular railway that can take you up to the top and once there you will find an open-air amphitheatre which has been host to concerts from many international artists over the years. The Chapel of St. George built in the 19th century is also situated on the hill, along with a restaurant where you can have a meal while enjoying the splendid views.
This ancient temple situated on the Acropolis site was dedicated to the Goddess Athena and the God Poseidon. It is a beautiful building and was constructed in marble in the 5th century BC, and you can see its impressive features including the Ionic columns and the porch with huge sculpted female Caryatids.
The Temple of Olympian Zeus
You can visit the ruins of this huge Temple built in honour of Zeus who was the King of the Olympian gods. The building of the Temple began in the 6th century BC and was completed in the 2nd century AD, and was formerly the largest temple in the country. Formerly there stood massive statues of Zeus and the Emperor Hadrian, under whom the Temple was finally completed, and you can still admire the very tall columns with beautiful Corinthian capitals that have intricate detailed decoration.
Byzantine and Christian Museum
At this Museum visitors can see a wide collection of artefacts dating from the 3rd century to medieval times. It houses beautiful Byzantine art and includes icons, statuettes, sarcophagi, marble slabs, ceramics, textiles, wall paintings, and books.
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