The City of Moscow is home to buildings and monuments known all over the world with a mixture of architectural styles, and include famous landmarks such as The Kremlin, Red Square and St. Basil’s Cathedral.
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Here are some of the places to see while you’re in Moscow:
This famous complex of buildings, including impressive palaces and cathedrals surrounded by the Kremlin Wall and towers, is the seat of the President. Among the buildings in the Kremlin are the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Cathedral of the Assumption, the Cathedral of the Annunciation, the Armoury, the State Kremlin Palace and Grand Kremlin Palace.
You can visit this famous Square and popular tourist site, next to the Kremlin and home to a number of important buildings. Among the buildings you can see are St. Basil’s Cathedral, the Lenin Mausoleum and the State Historical Museum. The Kremlin and Red Square are listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
St. Basil’s Cathedral
This Cathedral in Red Square, built in the 16th century, was commissioned by Ivan the Terrible, and is a famous landmark in the City, with its vibrant colours and beautiful architectural style with distinctive domes. The Cathedral is a collection of churches joined together and are linked inside by corridors and stairways. You can visit this Cathedral, which is now a Museum, and enjoy the lovely features including the galleries with exquisite floral murals, and splendid icons.
Situated in the Kremlin, in this Museum you can see an impressive and extensive collection of treasures which include state regalia, such as royal crowns, and includes Ivan the Terrible’s throne, and ceremonial costumes. There’s a large collection of gold and silverware, as well as royal carriages, jewellery, weapons, and armoury including helmets, shields and ceremonial armour.
The State Historical Museum
Situated in Red Square, and housed in a grand 19th century building, this Museum has an extensive collection of historical exhibits. The varied range of objects include Stone Age weapons and tools, Bronze Age earthenware and statuettes, exhibits relating to the Mongol invasions, Russian icons from the 14th to the 16th centuries, and displays relating to Peter the Great and to Nicholas I.
Ivan the Great Bell Tower
Another distinctive landmark in the City and located in the Kremlin, is this Bell Tower which was constructed in the early 16th century for the surrounding Cathedrals that have no bells. The tower is over 80 metres in height and is the Kremlin’s tallest tower, with an elegant gilded dome, and the Tower has 21 bells including the impressive Great Assumption Bell.
Located in Red Square, you can visit the Mausoleum of Vladimir Lenin, the Soviet Union’s founder, who died in 1924. You can go into the Mausoleum and see Lenin’s embalmed body inside the huge granite monument designed by Alexey Shchusev in a layered pyramid design.
The Bolshoi Theatre
You can visit this famous historic theatre and home to the renowned Bolshoi Ballet and Bolshoi Opera. Founded in the 18th century, with the present building dating from the mid 19th century, the Theatre is an iconic building in Russia, with its grand Neo-Classical architecture. Visitors can have a guided tour around the Theatre and learn all about its history and see the beautiful, elegant interior.
Map of Moscow, click the directions icon to open a larger map for driving directions from Moscow to any other location.